Operational characteristics of minority nonprofit organizations in Hungary, Slovakia, and Romania

Principal investigator: András Morauszki

Research questions and objectives: 

The research project studies the most important characteristics, typical activities of minority organizations and the conditions of their operation, especially the resources they mobilize. Furthermore, the research examines, what role they play in the minority institutional systems, their relationships with each other, and with the organizations of other minorities and the majority.

Unlike previous studies, the research does not focus on a single minority, but studies the organizations of several minorities in a comparative perspective. Another difference compared to previous studies is, that besides the characteristics of individual organizations, the relationships of these organizations are studied, as well.

The research project comprises two components: The first component focuses on minority organizations in three multiethnic cities.

Main questions are:

  • What are the typical activities of minority NPOs? What is the extent of the division of labour among minority NPOs? What factors shape the internal differentiation among minority organizations?
  • What is the degree of inequalities among organizations in terms of infrastructure, income, human resources and level of professionalization?
  • What is the content and structure of interorganizational relations? How are minority NPOs connected to other institutions of the same minority, other minorities and the majority? Are various types of interorganizational relationships interrelated?Which factors influence the structure of interorganizational networks and the organizations’ positions?
  • How do minorities differ from each other in these regards?

The second component focuses on government grant funding of minority organizations by the home states (Hungary, Slovakia and Romania) and selected kin-states (primarily Hungary).

Main question in each case are:

  • Which minorities, types of organizations and projects are eligible for funding? How did the conditions of application change?
  • Which organizations applied for funding and for what kinds of projects? How did the level of activity change? What is the distribution of project proposals, applicants and funding by type of project, and the type and nationality of applicant?
  • What do the data reveal about the size and composition of minority institutional systems? How is the number of active applicants related to the size of the minority community? What is the degree of inequalities in terms of activity (number of proposed projects) and success (received funding)?
  • How do organizations that are eligible for home-state and kin-state support as well behave? What are the typical strategies?

Research history: The second component of the research was preceded by the study of the cultural and Csemadok-grants of the Illyés Foundation.

Research methods:

  • Individual and group interviews with representatives of minority organizations in three mulitethnic cities (Košice, Pécs and Timișoara): self-image of organizations, criterie of civil society organizations and minority organizations, evaluation of conditions of operation
  • Survey research in the three cities: main characteristics of minority NPOs, activities, infrastructural conditions, human and financial resources, interorganizational relationships, socio-demographic background and public participation of office-bearers
  • Analysis of home-state and kin-state grant systems: based on the CfAs and lists of decisions the quantitative analysis of the conditions of application, distribution of project proposals, factors influencing success, and the distribution of applicans.

Research results in 2019:

In 2019 the PhD thesis based on the research was discussed in a research seminar at the Institute, and the manuscript was finalized based on the discussants’ feedback. The public defense of the thesis took place in March 2020.

Title of thesis: Structural and Operational Characteristics of Minority Institutional Systems in Central Europe. Minority Organizations in Pécs, Košice and Timișoara. ELTE Faculty of Social Sciences, Doctoral School of Sociology, Sociology PhD Programme. Supervisor: Antal Örkény, Dr., professor


Main publications:

Morauszki András: Kisebbségi szervezetek pályázati támogatásai Szlovákiában (2011–2017). A Szlovák Kormányhivatal Nemzetiségek kultúrája című kiírásának elemzése. [Grant Funding of Minority Organizations in Slovakia (2011-2017). The Analysis of the Grant Scheme 'Culture of Nationalities' of the Government Office of Slovakia]FÓRUM TÁRSADALOMTUDOMÁNYI SZEMLE: A SZLOVÁKIAI MAGYAR TUDOMÁNYOS MŰHELYEK FOLYÓIRATA XXI.:(1) pp. 3-25. (2020)

Morauszki András: Nemzetiségi szervezetek pályázati támogatása Magyarországon. Az Emberi Erőforrás Támogatáskezelő nemzetiségi pályázatainak elemzése (2012-2017) [Grant Funding of Minority Organizations in Hungary. The Analysis of the Grants of the Human Capacities Grant Management Office (2012-2017)] REGIO 27:(1) pp. 292-324. (2019) DOI: 10.17355/rkkpt.v27i1.251

Morauszki András: Civil Societies of Ethnic Minorities in Central Europe: Case Studies of Košice, Pécs and Timisoara. In: Jarosz, Adam; Kącka, Katarzyna (szerk.) Models of European Civil Society: Transnational Perspectives on Forming Modern Societies. Newcastle upon Tyne, Egyesült Királyság: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2018. pp. 133-154.

Morauszki, András: Ethnic Organisations in Central Europe: A Stable Instability?: Ethnic organisations in Košice, Pécs and Timișoara. In: Oxana Kozlova, Arkadiusz Kołodziej (szerk.): Liquid Structures and Cultures. Szczecin: Uniwersytet Szczecinski, 2017. 188-203.