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The income effects of minority co-ethnic employment

Csata Zsombor, Péti Márton, Betty Compton, Amy H. Liu és Sándor Zsolt The income effects of minority co-ethnic employment: the case of Hungarians in central and Eastern Europe című tanulmánya a Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies folyóiratban jelent meg.

Absztrakt 

What is the effect of minority co-ethnic employment on income? While the business organizations literature argues diversity allows for knowledge accumulation, optimal labour allocation, and efficient interactions, absent is any consideration of language – e.g. language competency or language ideology. We argue when co-ethnic minorities work together, this shared language allows for bounded trust to develop; it also ensures there are preference similarities – factors that can increase firm productivity and individual wages. Using survey data of minority Hungarians in three Central and Eastern European countries (Romania, Slovakia, and Serbia), we find (1) diversity has no positive effect on income; and in fact, (2) co-ethnic employment increases wages in Southern Slovakia and Vojvodina. Additionally, we confirm that co-ethnic employment is not happening simply because of demographics. Instead, with one exception, the proportion of Hungarians in the workplace is significantly higher than in the areas where these jobs are located – suggesting a strategic behaviour by minority Hungarians. The implication is not that we endorse homogeneous workplaces per se, but that we remain cognizant of how asymmetric linguistic competencies and the underlying linguistic ideologies can shape power hierarchies – thereby limiting the benefits of diversity.

Testimonial Drawings as Schoolwork in the Immediate Aftermath of the Holocaust

Bányai Viktória és Horváth Rita “They Drew What Was in Them: The Past, the Present” Testimonial Drawings as Schoolwork in the Immediate Aftermath of the Holocaust című tanulmánya a Shoah: Intervention. Methods. Documentation (S:I.M.O.N.) folyóirat 2023. évi 2. számában jelent meg. 

Absztrakt

A source group consisting of twenty-six drawings that was created by thirteen- and four-teen-year-old survivors in the immediate aftermath of the Holocaust is analysed in this article. The youngsters who drew the testimonial drawings as compulsory school assign-ments were pupils of the High School for Girls of the Neolog Jewish Community of Pest. Our aim is to demonstrate that these drawings are crucial historical sources that document both the Holocaust and its immediate aftermath. Until recently, these kinds of documents have been routinely viewed as merely marginal sources of historical information, mainly because they are visual in nature and were created by young teenagers. Certain factors, such as the school environment, age, gender, and the shared historical experiences of the chil-dren turn the drawings into a source group from which additional information can be gleaned by analysing the individual pieces in one another’s contexts. The analyses of the drawings show that the girls consciously took the role of the witness upon themselves. We also examine how the fact that these drawings were created by females influences the source group.

Megjelent a REGIO 2023/3. száma

Megjelent a REGIO 2023/3. száma

A teljes lapszám elérhető a folyóirat honlapján.

A tartalomból:

Kötődésviszonyok egy online vizsgálat tükrében
A Covid-járvány hatása: ahogyan a magyar kivándorlók látták
Miért is maradnak? Az angliai magyar munkavállalók siker megélései
Tóth Károly el nem küldött levele Dobos Lászlónak, 1986
Az Ellenpontok fogadtatása a romániai magyar elit körében
Utcanévhasználat az utódállamokban

 

Attempts of self-determination by the Carpathian Rusyns in the 1860s

Fedinec Csilla Attempts of self-determination by the Carpathian Rusyns in the 1860s című tanulmánya a Fórum Társadalomtudományi Szemle 2023. évi angol számában jelent meg.

In the 1860s, the Ruthenians also formulated their basic political demands, similar to the other nationalities in Hungary, although in a less visible way as far as “big politics” on international level is concerned. These political demands were much broader than the right to use the language granted in the Act XLIV of 1868 on National Equality. As such, they can be understood as characteristic manifestations of national self-determination. It is useful to organize these elements into a kind of catalog of problems, with the aim of assessing the legal norms that have been implemented on this basis, as opposed to earlier approaches that did not rely on such a comparison.

Issues of language policy and language planning in Transcarpathia

Fedinec Csilla és Csernicskó István Issues of language policy and language planning in Transcarpathia during the first Czechoslovak Republic című tanulmánya ukrán nyelven az ACTA ACADEMIAE BEREGSASIENSIS PHILOLOGICA 2023. évi 2. számában jelent meg.

Issues of language policy and language planning in Transcarpathia during the first Czechoslovak Republic The concepts of state language, official language, and minority language do not have a generally accepted definition in international law. In Central and Eastern Europe, the state language is usually the language of the majority of the population of a particular country, in which it also serves as the official language. In interwar Czechoslovakia, the 1920 Language Law allowed the use of the language of the Slavic population, which constituted the absolute majority in the territory of Transcarpathia, as the official language in administration, office work, culture and education, granting the region's Slavs a greater degree of political, cultural and linguistic autonomy than they had ever enjoyed. But this linguistic freedom also brought practical problems to the surface. First of all, during this period there were three standard versions of the language adopted as the official language of the region. This article analyses the attitudes of the state and local intellectuals towards these language variants.